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:: Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences - No 3, 2022 ::
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Relationship between Health Responsibility and Self-Care Behaviors Related to COVID-19 in Citizens of Kurdistan Province
Sahar Khoshravesh1 , Afshin Bahmani2 , Parvaneh Taymoori 3, Amir Pakpour4
1- Ph.D. of health education and health promotion, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Professor, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , parvaneh.tay@gmail.com
4- Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Abstract:   (65 Views)
Background and Aim: Self-care behaviors and commitment to health responsibility are ways to deal with Covid-19 disease when there is no widespread access to vaccination. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between health responsibility and self-care behaviors related to Covid-19 in Kurdistan citizens.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020 in Kurdistan province with 1008 people over 15 years old. Using easy sampling method, the samples available of people covered by health centers were studied. Data were collected online via WhatsApp or Telegram using Covid-19 Self-Care Behavior and Health Responsibility Questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 22 and Spearman correlation and Chi-square test was used.
Results: The participants included 642 women (63.7%) and 366 men (36.3%), with mean age of 38. 6 ± 11.63 years. The correlation between health responsibility and self-care behaviors was positive and significant (p <0.001, r = 0.33). Self-care behaviors and health responsibility were not significantly different in terms of age, occupation, marital status, and city of residence (p > 0.05). A higher proportion of women compared to men were in the category of good health responsibility (60.8% vs. 39.2) and self-care behaviors (67.8% vs. 32.2) (p <0.001).
Conclusion: In the context of epidemics of diseases such as Covid-19, and especially in the absence of widespread vaccination and effective treatment, emphasizing the importance of accepting health responsibility for self-care behaviors is the most important prevention and control protocol.
Keywords: Health Responsibility, Self-Care, Covid-19, Corona, Kurdistan
     
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2021/03/22 | Accepted: 2021/09/13
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Ethics code: IR.MUK.REC.1399.014


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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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