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:: Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences - No 3, 2022 ::
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New Epidemiological Feature of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Endemic Focus in Golestan Province
Yousef Moghaddam1 , Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi 2, Mahdi Fakhar1 , Abdol Sattar Pagheh3 , Reza Saberi1 , Eisa Nazar4 , Mitra Sharbatkhori5 , Hossein Ghalehnoei6
1- Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
2- Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , ziaei2000@yahoo.com
3- Birjand University of Medical Sciences
4- Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
5- Associate Professor, Laboratory Sciences Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
6- Assistant Professor of Molecular Medicine Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Mazandaran, Iran
Abstract:   (95 Views)
Background and Aim: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is an important health problem in Iran and one of the world ̛s neglected disease that caused by Leishmania spp. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis and its associated risk factors in an endemic center in Golestan province.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in patients with suspected CL referred to health centers of Gonbad–e QabusCounty, during 2018-2020. All demographic and epidemiological information of CL patients were recorded and diagnosis of Leishmania spp. was made by direct smear and staining was done through Giemsa. PCR was also used to determine and confirm the parasite species.
Results: Out of 1979 suspected CL lesions, 1704(87.4%) cases were positive. Among them, 898 (52.7%) patients were male and 806 (47.3%) were female. The highest incidence was observed in the age groups of less than 5 years (25.93%) and 25-45 years (25.41%). Furthermore, in this study, using ITS-PCR, the species of Leishmania parasites in all studied samples was Leishmania major. Also, in three patients, Critidia fasciulata were identified.
Conclusion: The survey provided valuable data concerning the epidemiologic aspects of the CL in an old endemic focus in north of Iran, which could be the basis for planning future control strategies.
Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Epidemiology, PCR, Crithidia, Gonbad–e Qabus
     
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Parasitology and Mycology
Received: 2021/02/7 | Accepted: 2021/09/1
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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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