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:: Volume 25, Issue 5 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2020) ::
SJKU 2020, 25(5): 67-83 Back to browse issues page
Assessment Of The Relationship Between Maternal Dietary Patterns During Pregnancy And Its Outcomes In Infants
Zahra Karimi1 , Parvin Ayremlou2 , Sakineh Nouri saeidlou 3
1- School of Medicine, Department , Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Clinical Research Development Unit of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3- Departemant of nutrition, Food and Beverages Safety Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , saeedlou2003@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (265 Views)
Background and Aim: Pregnancy is a critical period for the offspring’s metabolic development. Nutrition during pregnancy due to its role in the development of mental and physical abilities in infants is important .The current study aimed to determine the relationship between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and its outcomes in infants in Urmia city.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 410 pregnant women referred to health centers in Uremia were selected by cluster random sampling. Food information was collected using the validated 147-items Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). The demographic information of mothers was collected by interview. Factor analysis was used to identify the major dietary patterns.
Results: In this study, three main dietary patterns were identified and named the first, second, and third groups. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the Low Birth Weight (LBW) and Preterm Birth (PTB) increased with adherence to the first dietary pattern (LBW: OR = 1.15, PTB: OR=1.05), while the risk of Small for Gestational Age (SGA), (OR=0.89), and Large for Gestational Age (LGA), (OR = 0.8) decreased in this pattern. The second dietary pattern was inversely associated with LBW (OR = 0.73) and LGA (OR = 0.83), While it was positively associated with PTB (OR = 1.26) and SGA (OR = 1.04). The third dietary pattern was inversely associated with all the above outcomes and this difference was significant for LGA (OR=0.68). 
Conclusion: The present study showed a relationship between LBW, SGA, PTB, LGA indices, and maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy. Prospective studies have been suggested to confirm these findings.
 
Keywords: Dietary pattern, Pregnancy, Low Birth Weight, Small for Gestational Age, Preterm Birth, Large for Gestational Age
Full-Text [PDF 346 kb]   (166 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/07/28 | Accepted: 2020/02/18 | Published: 2020/11/22
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Karimi Z, ayremlou P, nouri saeidlou S. Assessment Of The Relationship Between Maternal Dietary Patterns During Pregnancy And Its Outcomes In Infants. SJKU. 2020; 25 (5) :67-83
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-5222-en.html


Volume 25, Issue 5 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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