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:: Volume 24, Issue 4 ( Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2019) ::
SJKU 2019, 24(4): 56-67 Back to browse issues page
Understanding of metaphorical time pattern among medical and paramedical students. based on gender, age and academic status
Fatteme Raiisi 1, Azita Afrashi2 , Maryam Moghadasin3 , Ameneh HajiKaram Mrs4 , Shahin Nematzadeh5
1- Institute of Cognitive Science Study. Tehran, Iran , elhamaraiisi@gmail.com
2- Department of Linguistics, Institute of Humanities & Cultural Studies. Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Education & Psychology. Kharazmi University. Tehran, Iran
4- Islamic Azad University. Abhar Branch. Department of Psychology & Counseling. Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Cognitive Linguistics, Institute of Cognitive Science Study. Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (59 Views)
Background and Aim: Metaphor is a systematic relationship between two conceptual domains. In metaphor; an experimental or sensual domain called source domain, is related to another domain as target domain. The purpose of this study was to review understanding of metaphorical time pattern in the medical and paramedical students based on gender, age and academic status.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study included 120 medical and paramedical students of Tehran medical university with minimum undergraduate university degree. Time metaphorical pattern questionnaire which had been designed by Raiisi (2019) on the basis of time metaphor corpus analysis included 3 subscales of object, place and matter. Pearson correlation test, T test, analysis of one-way variance and post hoc test (least significant difference) were used for data analysis.
Results: The results showed that there was no difference between gender and understanding of metaphorical time pattern. Higher educational levels (from undergraduate to postgraduate and specialty courses) led to better understanding of metaphorical time pattern in Persian speaker students. Students of higher age showed improved understanding of metaphorical time pattern in relation to the object subclass.
Conclusion: Perception of the time is not dependent on gender but can be improved with increasing age and higher academic levels.
 
Keywords: Time metaphorical pattern, Age, Gender, Academic status, Medical and paramedical students
Full-Text [PDF 253 kb]   (32 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/04/24 | Accepted: 2019/07/7
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Raiisi F, Afrashi A, Moghadasin M, HajiKaram A, Nematzadeh S. Understanding of metaphorical time pattern among medical and paramedical students. based on gender, age and academic status. SJKU. 2019; 24 (4) :56-67
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-4948-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 4 ( Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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