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:: Volume 24, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2019) ::
SJKU 2019, 24(2): 119-138 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of chlorpyriphos removal using chitosan graphene oxide composite form aquatic solution: study of kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics
Mahnaz Amiri1 , Roshanak Rezaee Kalantari2, Majid Kermani3, Mojtaba Yeganeh Mr4, Mitra Gholami 5
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering , School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran.
5- Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , gholamimitra32@gmail.com
Abstract:   (220 Views)
Background and Aims: Chlorpyriphos is one of the most important widely used pesticides in agriculture, which is discharged into the water resources and is associated with various adverse effects on human health and the environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate chlorpyriphos removal by chitosan graphene oxide composite form aquatic solution.
Materials and Methods: The characteristics of adsorptive material was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). First, the pHzpc was determined.Then, the effect of different parameters such as the amount of adsorbent, contact time, pH, initial concentration of chlorpyriphos and temperature were studied through batch method in order to obtain optimal conditions for the adsorption process. Then optimal pH under constant conditions was determined. Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic equations  of adsorption were investigated and concentration of chlorpyriphos was determined.
Results: The highest removal efficiency was 93% which was observed at pH=5, 60 minutes contact time and 0.8 g/L of adsorbent concentration and initial concentration of 1 mg/l for chlorpyriphos. The results showed that adsorption process followed pseudo-second order kinetics and equations data followed Langmuir isotherms model. Evaluation of thermodynamic parameters showed that the process of chlorpyrifos removal was endothermic and spontaneous.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study chitosan graphene oxide composite can be a suitable adsorptive material for removal of chlorpyrifos from aquatic solutions.
Keywords: Chitosan graphene oxide, Adsorption, Chlorpyriphos
Full-Text [PDF 768 kb]   (103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/9
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Amiri M, Rezaee Kalantari R, Kermani M, yeganeh M, Gholami M. Investigation of chlorpyriphos removal using chitosan graphene oxide composite form aquatic solution: study of kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics. SJKU. 2019; 24 (2) :119-138
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-4365-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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