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:: Volume 22, Number 1 (Scintific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2017) ::
SJKU 2017, 22(1): 61-71 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiological study of irritable bowel syndrome and its related factors in Sanandaj from 2013 to 2014: a population-based study
Rahmatollah Iri1, Dr Farshad Sheikhesmaeili2, Nima Fattahi1, Romina Reshadat1, Behzad Saeedi1, Zahra Shahabbaspoor1, Lida Emami1, Dr Pedram Ataee2, Dr Ghobad Moradi 3, Dr Karim Sharifi4
1- Medical Student, Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor Liver and Digestive Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Kurdistan Research Center for Social Determinants of Health (KRCSDH), Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , moradi_gh@yahoo.com
4- Assistant Professor Department of Radiology, be’sat Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:  

Background and Aim: Irritable bowel syndrome is a common gastrointestinal disease which is characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and its related factors in the general population in Sanandaj in 2013-2014.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Sanandaj for a period of 12 months, from the summer of 2013 to the summer of 2014. Considering the design effect, a population sample of 430 were selected via random cluster sampling method. ROME III criteria were used for diagnosis of IBS. Logistic regression was used to accomplish the qualitative objectives and multivariate analysis for categorical variables. We used STATA11 software for statistical analysis.

Results: We found a prevalence rate of 10.63% for irritable bowel syndrome in the general population in Sanandaj. Concerning gender distribution, the prevalence rates were 11.5% and 9.96% for males and females respectively, which had no statistically significant difference (OR=1.184, 95% CI=0.574 – 2.439). Although the disease was more prevalent in the patients between 30-40 years of age compared to other age groups, this difference was not statistically significant (OR=0.679, 0.95 CI=0.189, 2.441).

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the prevalence rate of IBS was higher in Sanandaj city in comparison to other parts of Iran, which can be related to several factors such as diet and lifestyle. Because of the high prevalence of IBS in Sanandaj, we recommend further studies for identification of the causes of this disorder and its exacerbating factors in this city.

Keywords: Irritable bowel syndrome, Prevalence rate, Population-based study, Iran.

 

Received: Jul 24, 2016      Accepted: Nov 7, 2016

Keywords: Irritable bowel syndrome, Prevalence rate, Population-based study, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 2688 kb]      
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/03/14 | Accepted: 2017/03/14 | Published: 2017/03/14
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Volume 22, Number 1 (Scintific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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