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:: Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences - No 3, 2022 ::
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The Prevalence of Spouse Abuse During Pregnancy and Its Related Factors in Guilan Province in 2019
Sakineh Keshavarz Mohammadian1 , Behzad Damari 2, Fardin Mehrabian3 , Maryam Shakiba4
1- Master of Public Health-mph student in Social Determinant of Health-SDH, Vice-chancellor for health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Associated Professor, Community-Medicine Specialist, Department of Governance and Health, Neuroscience Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , bdamari@gmail.com
3- Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Health and Environment Research Center, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, School of Health, Guilan University of medical sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (680 Views)
Background and Aim: Spousal abuse in pregnancy leads to adverse consequences in mother and neonate and its prevalence is far higher than other dangerous complications during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of spousal abuse during pregnancy and its related factors in Guilan Province.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical study included 1541 parous women referring to 160 selected health care delivery units for their babies' two-month vaccination in 2019. We used random multi-stage cluster sampling for sample collection. Data were collected using a valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire consisted of demographic variables and spouse abuse questionnaire during pregnancy. Using SPSS-26 software, data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical tests such as mean, chi-square and binary logistic regression. α <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The mean (SD) age of the women participating in the study was 29.2±5.6 years. The overall prevalence rate of spousal abuse in pregnancy was 71.3% and women had been abused by their spouses at least once during pregnancy with frequency of "sometimes" to "always". The prevalence rates of emotional (the most common), physical and sexual violence were 69.5%, 32.2% and 15.1% respectively. Husbands' substance abuse (Odd Ratio-OR= 2.38, 95% CI: 1.7, 3.34), couples' dissatisfaction of the gender of the fetus (OR= 1.91, 95% CI: 1.09, 3.35), lack of family support for mothers (OR = 1.63, 95% CI: 1.03, 2.57) and extended family (OR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.84) were found to be positively and significantly associated with spousal abuse during pregnancy.
Conclusion: Use of effective strategies in order to reduce the factors associated with spousal abuse can be effective in preventing and decreasing the rate of this social problem and its negative consequences.
Keywords: Spousal emotional abuse, Physical spousal abuse, Sexual spousal abuse, Pregnancy.
     
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2021/03/11 | Accepted: 2021/08/28
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Ethics code: IR.TUMS.SPH.REC.1398.151


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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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