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:: Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences - No 2, 2022 ::
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Comparison of the prevalence of venous thromboembolism in patients treated with enoxaparin and heparin: A cross-sectional study in the intensive care unit of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ahvaz
Mohsen Savaie 1, Zeinab Farhadi2 , Farhad Soltani3 , Fereshteh Amiri3 , Reza Baghbanian3
1- Pain Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IRAN. , drsavaie@gmail.com
2- Medicine faculty, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IRAN.
3- Pain Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IRAN.
Abstract:   (85 Views)
Background and Aim: Deep vein thrombosis, especially in the lower extremities, is one of the complications of immobility. Major surgeries, especially orthopedic surgeries and inpatient care in the intensive care unit, predispose to such complications. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of venous thromboembolism in patients treated with enoxaparin and subcutaneous heparin in the intensive care unit.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed retrospectively. The study sample included all patients who were admitted to the intensive care units of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ahvaz from the beginning of September 2017 to the end of December 2017, were evaluated by census method. The information was extracted based on the patient's medical records with a checklist and entered in the relevant forms. Then the data were analyzed by SPSS20 software using descriptive and analytical statistics.
Results: Out of 600 patients, 64 patients had venous thromboembolism (10.66%), of which 35 patients (54.7%) in the heparin group and 29 patients (45.3%) in the enoxaparin group were located (P >0.05). 18 patients had deep venous thrombosis (3%), of which 13 patients (72.22%) in the heparin group and 5 patients (27.78%) in the enoxaparin group were located (P <0.05).
Conclusion: In this study, enoxaparin administration was more effective than heparin in preventing deep vein thrombosis but was same in preventing pulmonary thromboembolism. Conclusive conclusions require further studies with control of underlying and confounding factors.
Keywords: Venous thromboembolism, Enoxaparin, Heparin, Intensive care
     
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Internal Medicine
Received: 2020/09/21 | Accepted: 2021/07/7
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Ethics code: IR.AJUMS.REC.1398.226


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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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