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Epidemiology of bladder malignancy in patients treated with urethral resection in Kurdistan province in 2012-2017
Heshmatollah Soofimajidpour1 , Arman Karami1 , Mozhdeh Amiri1 , Bushra Zareie1 , Mohammad Aziz Rasouli 2, Hooshmand Soofimajidpour1
1- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
2- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences , Rasouli1010@gmail.com
Abstract:   (59 Views)
Background and Aim: Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer in the world and the fourth most common cancer in men in Iran and the second most common genitourinary cancer after prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to epidemiology of bladder malignancy in patients treated with transurethral resection in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data was extracted from321 medical records of patients with bladder malignancy treated by urethral resection. Patients chr('39')information including age, sex, place of residence, occupation, smoking history, histopathology, disease stage and type of treatment were extracted from patientschr('39') medical records from 2012-2017. Frequency and percentage of each variable were calculated using Stata software Ver. 14 and analyzed.
Results: The results of this study showed that the mean ± standard deviation of the age of the subjects was 65.6 ± 14 years. 264 people (82.2%) were men and 247 people (76.9%) lived in the city. In terms of smoking and family history, 172 patients (53.6%) and 20 patients (6.2%) were reported respectively. Most people were diagnosed with Transitional Cell carcinoma and 210 patients (65.4%) were diagnosed with stage 1 and 8 patients (2.5%) were diagnosed with stage 4 of the disease. Regarding the type of treatment, TURBT was reported in 207 patients (64.5%) and TURBT and BCG in the bladder were reported in 74 patients (23%). No association statistical significant between age and sex and disease stage (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The incidence of bladder cancer is increasing, although this increase may be due to improved cancer registration systems, as well as the use of new diagnostic methods and increased patient awareness, but the risk of bladder cancer is increasing due to lifestyle changes, job encounters and other risk factors. Therefore planning and identifying the causes of this cancer can be helpful in preventing it.
Keywords: Epidemiology, Bladder malignancy, Transurethral Resection, Urinary tract, Kurdistan
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medicine - Urology
Received: 2020/07/22 | Accepted: 2020/12/20
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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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