:: Volume 25, Issue 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2021) ::
SJKU 2021, 25(6): 115-126 Back to browse issues page
Predictors of Physical Activity in Retired Women on the Basis of the Planned Behavior Theory
Golbahar Farsi Astaneh1 , Abdolhosein Emami Sigaroudi 2, Rabiollah Farmanbar3 , Zahra Atrkar Roushan4
1- Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
2- Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Department of Cardiology, Heshmat Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , icrc.inf2019@gmail.com
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Bio-Statistics, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (183 Views)

Background and Aim: Physical activity, especially in women, decreases with age, which can lead to disabling fractures in the elderly. In this study, we investigated the factors related to physical activity based on the theory of planned behavior in retired women in Rasht City from 2017 to 2018.
Materials and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was included 196 female members of ten active retirement centers in Rasht City in 2017. We designed a questionnaire on the basis of Ajzenchr('39')s planned behavioral model which included ​​regular physical activity, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention, attitude, and subjective norms. A standardized physical activity questionnaire was used for the elderly. The method of data collection was an interview. Using SPSS software version 16, data were analyzed by a descriptive statistical method and Pearson correlation coefficient. p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The results showed that the mean value for the physical activity of the elderly was 329.18±28.18, which was about %82 of the PASE tool score. Planned behavior theory constructs and underlying demographic variables had no significant effect on PASE. We found a significant relationship between behavioral intention and perceived behavioral control, and also between attitude and perceived behavioral control. Attitude had significant correlations with behavioral intention and subjective norms.
Conclusions: Although the relationship between planned behavior model constructs and physical activity were not significant in this study, planned behavior theory constructs had significant relationships with one another.
Keywords: Physical activity, Women, Retirement, Planned behavior theory
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/10/15 | Accepted: 2020/05/16 | Published: 2021/01/29

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Volume 25, Issue 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2021) Back to browse issues page