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:: Volume 16, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2011) ::
SJKU 2011, 16(2): 45-54 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) prevalence between female and male students of primary schools in Arak City in academic year of 2009-2010
Bahman Salehi Dr * 1, Shirin Moradi 2, Somayeh Ebrahimi 2, Mohammad Rafeei D3
1- Associate Professor Arak University of Medical Sciences , basalehi@yahoo.com
2- Islamic Azad University, Arak branch
3- Associate Professor Arak University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (13865 Views)
ABSTRACT Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) between female and male students of primary schools in Arak City. Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive-analytical, cross– sectional study which included 2000 female and male students of primary schools in Arak City between 2009 and 2010. The method of sampling was stratification. We used Intelligence-Matrix of Raven Scale to study students 'intelligence, Canners questionnaire (parents and teachers) to study ADHD, the demographic checklist for recording students' demographic data, and K-SADS-E questionnaire to document diagnosis of ADHD. Data were introduced into SPSS software and analyzed by chi-square test to determine the relationship between qualitative variables and also logistic regression model to determine odds ratio. Results: In this study among 2000 students, 168 were suffering from one type of ADHD. Also this study showed that the prevalence of attention deficit was 2.3 percent (%1.6 in boys and %2.9 in girls), prevalence of hyperactivity–impulsivity disorder was 3.5 percent (%3.9 in boys and %2.9 in girls) and prevalence of the combined type of disorder was 2.7 percent (%3 in boys and %1.3 in girls). There were a significant relationship between prevalence of ADHD and each of the following variables including: gender (p<0/001), educational level (p<0/027), and monthly family income of the students who were suffering from ADHD (p<0.019), but there was no significant relationship between the parents' educational level, the parents' occupation, living in areas polluted with heavy metals, living style and ADHD. Conclusion: According to the results of this study we recommend that the educational departments in every city provide training programs for the teachers and parents about the identification of signs and symptoms of ADHD to prevent deterioration of ADHD and educational problems in the children. Key words: Attention Deficit, Hyperactivity –Impulsivity, Combined type of disorder, Students of primary school. Conflict of Interest: Nill Received: May 22, 2010 Accepted: May 15, 2011
Keywords: Attention Deficit, Hyperactivity –Impulsivity, Combined type of disorder, Students of primary school.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/08/2
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Volume 16, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2011) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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