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:: Volume 15, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2010) ::
SJKU 2010, 15(3): 59-69 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the effect of external load activation of periarthicular shoulder muscles
Bita Vaseghi 1, Sedighesadat Naeimi Dr * 2, Khosrov Khademi Kalantari Dr3, Abas Rahimi Dr3, Alireza Sarmadi Dr4
1- Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
2- Assistant Professor Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , naimi_se@yahoo.com
3- Associate Professor Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
4- Assistant Professor Tarbiat Modarres University
Abstract:   (7617 Views)
ABSTRACT Background and Aims: In new prospect of motor control, the effect of muscle force is considered important not only in producing movement but also in inducing stability and control of activity. The aim of present study was to evaluate the electrical activity of periarthicular shoulder muscles by surface EMG in order to identify the muscular activity during series of static and dynamic pattern of movements. Materials and Methods: This Quasi experimental study was performed on 30 healthy male and female volunteers with age of 20-30 years and mean age of 23.2±2.9. The subjects were enrolled into this study by simple non-probability sampling and were exposed to different movement patterns randomly. During the experiment the surface EMG of every muscle was recorded. The external load applied to shoulder was assessed at three levels in static as well as dynamic situations. Results: According to the results of this study, increasing the external load on the scapulothoracic muscles caused a significant increase in the activity of the muscles except for upper trapezious muscle in descending phase of the movement (p<0.05). After increasing the external load on shoulder in ascending phase, most of the investigated muscles showed significant differences in their activities. (p<0.05). In static situation by application of external load only teres major muscle showed significant difference in its activity compared to the reference position (p=0.01). Conclusion: It can be concluded that application of external load during ascending phase of push up is more effective than its application during descending phase. It can be claimed that during ascending phase slight increase in external load as low as 2% of body weight, would induce more alterations in muscular activity compared to higher external load such as 4% of body weight, but in static situation no significant change could be detected. Key words: Electromyography, Muscle activity, Shoulder stability. Conflict of Interest: Nill Received: Aug 16, 2010 Accepted: Nov 18, 2010
Keywords: Electromyography, Muscle activity, Shoulder stability
Full-Text [PDF 704 kb]   (992 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/01/5
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Volume 15, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2010) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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