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:: Volume 22, Issue 4 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2017) ::
SJKU 2017, 22(4): 80-90 Back to browse issues page
The effects of endurance training and whey protein supplementation on inflammation and insulin resistance in the rats fed with high-fat diet
Farhad Ahmadi-Kani Golzar 1, Rozita Fathi Dr 2, Soleiman Mahjoub Dr3
1- PhD student of Exercise Physiology, Exercise Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.
2- Associated Professor Exercise Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran , roz_fathi@yahoo.com
3- Professor Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Abstract:   (839 Views)
Background and Aim: Whey protein has been known to be an excellent prophylactic agent against obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of endurance training and whey protein supplementation on TNF-α levels and insulin resistance in the rats fed with high-fat diet.
Materials and Methods: In the first phase of the study, 40 male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups: one group was fed with standard chow (n = 8) and the other group with high fat diet (HFD) (n = 32). After 9 weeks, in the second phase of our study, HFD rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups: (1) control, (2) whey supplementation, (3) endurance training and (4) endurance training + whey supplementation groups. Each group consisted of 8 rats. Endurance training protocol was performed for 10 weeks (5days/wk, 1hr/day, 21m/min, and 15% grade). Data were analyzed by Mann–Whitney U test (to compare normal control group and control high-fat diet group) and two way ANOVA.
Results: Body weight (P=0.009), adipose tissue (P=0.002), insulin resistance (P=0.045) and TNF-α level (P=0.022) were significantly higher in HFD sedentary rats, compared to those in the rats in normal diet control group. Adipose tissue weight (P=0.02), blood glucose (P=0.006), insulin (P=0.0003), insulin resistance index (P=0.00021), and TNF-α level in adipose tissue (P=0.039) in whey supplemented groups were lower than those in the non-supplemented groups. Also, body weight (P=0.017), adipose tissue weight (P=0.001), adipose tissue TNF-α level (P=0.001) in the training groups were lower than those in the control group.
Conclusion: Whey protein supplementation led to improvement of high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance and decreased inflammation. Endurance training also reduced inflammation in adipose tissue.
Keywords: Whey protein, Inflammation, Insulin resistance, High-fat diet.
Received: Jan 24, 2017       Accepted: Apr 30, 2017
Keywords: Whey protein, Inflammation, Insulin resistance, High-fat diet.
Full-Text [PDF 1662 kb]   (299 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/09/20 | Accepted: 2017/09/20 | Published: 2017/09/20
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Volume 22, Issue 4 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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