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:: Volume 15, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2010) ::
SJKU 2010, 15(1): 19-27 Back to browse issues page
Stages of change of inter-dental cleaning behavior based on trans-theoretical model among pre-university students in Yazd, Iran
Parvaneh Taymoori Dr1, Arezo Falhi 2, Mohammad Ali Morovatti Sharifabad Dr1, Ahmad Haerian Dr1
1- Assistant Professor
2- Instructor , arezofalahi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10526 Views)
ABSTRACT Background and Aim: Orodental diseases have harmful outcomes in children and adults and encompass 5-10% of the total cost of health care. Trans-theoretical model predicts change and time of behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine stages of inter-dental cleaning behavior based on trans-theoretical model in male and female students in Yazd, Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 361 pre-university students from 8 schools by cluster sampling method. Data were collected and recorded in a valid and reliable questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, self-efficacy questions, and decisional balance (perceived advantages and perceived obstacles) and stages of change in inter-dental cleaning behavior. The data were analyzed by using SPSS software. Results: 54.8% of the subjects were female and 45.2% male with a mean age of 17.35 ±.55 years. %50 of students (n=179) were in pre-contemplation, 5.3 % (n=19) in contemplation, 24.1% (n=87) in preparation, 8.6% (n=31) in action and 12.5% (n=5) in maintenance stages of inter-dental cleaning behavior. There was a positive significant relationship among stages of change with self-efficacy (r=0.33) and perceived benefits (r=0.19) also existed negative significant relation between stages of change and perceived barriers (r= -0.19). Constructs of the model were statically significant predictors of stages of change and accounted for 0.15% of the variation, so that self efficacy was the most important predictor (β=0.212). Conclusion: In this study, most students were in pre contemplation stage. They will be probably exposed to dental caries in the future. Trans-theoretical model can be used to determine strategies for every stage of change of teeth-mouth self-care behavior and also for educational interventions and programs. Key words: Trans-theoretical Model, Self-efficacy, Decisional balance, Oral self-care behavior Conflict of Interest: Nill Received: Feb 10, 2010 Accepted: Apr 8, 2010
Keywords: Trans-theoretical Model, Self-efficacy, Decisional balance, Oral self-care behavior
Full-Text [PDF 396 kb]   (1103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/09/4
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Volume 15, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2010) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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