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:: Volume 14, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2009) ::
SJKU 2009, 14(1): 65-74 Back to browse issues page
Effects of amygdala cholinergic system on modulation of anxiety behaviors of rats by use of Elevated Plus Maze test
Jalal Solati 1, Shahrbanoo Oryan Dr2, Kazem Parivar Dr2, Mohammad Reza Zarindast Dr2
1- , solati@kiau.ac.ir
2- Professor
Abstract:   (14043 Views)
Background and Aim: Anxiety is a common psychological disorder in the society which can be accompanied by physiologic and behavior disorders. There is evidence that neurons and cholinergic receptors are involved in the neurobiology of anxiety. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors of cholinergic system in amygdala of rats on anxiety, by use of Elevated Plus Maze test. Material and Methods: In this study the locations of amygdale in the rats were determined by stereotaxis method and leading cannulas were inserted into the same locations for drug injection into amygdala. The effects of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors of central amygdala for controlling anxiety in the rats were assessed by use of Elevated Plus Maz test. Results: Bilateral intra amygdala injection of physostegmine (2 µg/rat) decreased percentage of open arm time (OAT) and open arm entries (OAE) (p<0.05) which indicated an increase in the level of anxiety. However bilateral injection of the muscarinic receptor antagonist, pilocarpine (0.25, 0.5, and 1 µg), did not show a significant change in anxiety-like behavior (p>0.05). Bilateral administration of nicotine (1 and 2 µg/rat) into central amygdala (intra-CeA) induced an anxiogenic effect, shown by decreases in the percentage of OAT and percentage of OAE (p<0.05). Bilateral intra-CeA injection of mecamylamine (20, 30, 50 ng/rat), a selective nicotine acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs) antagonist led to a significant anxiolytic behavior in the rats (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate the muscarinic and nicotinic receptors of amygdale have a role in controlling anxiety. Conflict of Interest: Nill Received: Nov 12, 2008 Accepted: April 22, 2009
Keywords: Amygdala, GABAergic, Nicotine, Rat, Anxiety
Full-Text [PDF 157 kb]   (1885 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/06/15
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Volume 14, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2009) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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