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:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2013) ::
SJKU 2013, 18(1): 1-7 Back to browse issues page
Assessment of the prevalence rate of status epilepticus and its underlying factors among adults and children
Behrooz Ahsan Dr1, Payam Khomand Dr 2, Mohammad Taatiie Dr1, Amir Molanaiie Dr3
1- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
2- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences , paykhon@yahoo.com
3- Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (8328 Views)
Background and Aim: Status epilepticus is a medical emergency condition which has various causes among adults and children. Timely treatment and elimination of the underlying factors are important. Identification of its underlying factors in different societies can be helpful for diagnosis and treatment of this disorder. This study was conducted to investigate the underlying factors of status epilepticus and compare them between adults and children. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study and included all adult patients with diagnosis of epilepsy who had been hospitalized in the internal medicine and neurology wards of Tohid Hospital and also all hospitalized children with epilepsy in the pediatric ward of Be'sat Hospital, in Sanandaj. According to the patients' records and documents the main cause of status epilepticus in every patient was extracted and recorded by a neurologist. Data were revised and chi-square and Fisher's test were used for data analysis and comparison of the qualitative variables between the two groups (adults and children). Results: This study included 504 patients. 212 patients (63.1%) in the children group and 87 patients (51.8%) in the adult group were male (p=0.01). The prevalence rate of status epilepticus in the children and adults were 28.3% and 17.3% respectively. 29 children (26.3%) and 10 adults (34.5%) had previous history of epilepsy (p=0.39). Moreover, 32 children (33.7%) and 4 adults (13.8%) had previous records of epilepsy within their family (p=0.04). The most common causes of status epilepticus among adults were misuse or discontinuance of medications (34.5%), head trauma (20.7%), cerebrovascular problems (20.7%). Among children febrile diseases (60%), misuse or discontinuance of antiepileptic medications (20%) and metabolic disorders (7.4%) were the most common causes of status epilepticus. Conclusion: It seems that epilepsy is not controlled properly in the patients and it is likely that patients do not use antiepileptic medications correctly. It is necessary to design plans to prevent head trauma. Also it seems the parents do not have enough knowledge of controlling fever in their children. Therefore, proper instructions should be given to the parents about the disease of their children.
Keywords: Status epilepticus, Risk factors, Children
Full-Text [PDF 211 kb]   (1850 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2013/04/27
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Ahsan B, Khomand P, Taatiie M, Molanaiie A. Assessment of the prevalence rate of status epilepticus and its underlying factors among adults and children. SJKU. 2013; 18 (1) :1-7
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-1002-en.html


Volume 18, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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