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:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2018) ::
SJKU 2018, 23(3): 67-72 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of appropriate antibiotic administration by general practitioners at the emergency department of a teaching hospital in Sanandaj, Iran
Mohammad Barari Dr1, Shahla Afrasiabian Dr2, Behzad Mohsenpour Dr2, Katayoon Hajibagheri Dr3, Farshad Sheikhesmaili Dr 4
1- Liver and Digestive Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
2- Associated Professor Department of infectious disease, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor Department of infectious disease, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor Liver and Digestive Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. , Dr_S_Smaili@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (198 Views)

Background and Aim: In recent decades, the emergence of resistant strains of staphylococcus aureus, pneumococci, enterococcus and intestinal gram-negative bacteria due to the inappropriate use of antibiotics has emphasized the necessity of proper use of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriate antibiotic administration by general practitioner in the emergency department of a teaching hospital (Tohid Hospital) in Sanandaj, Iran.

Material and Methods: In this prospective descriptive study we evaluated the prescriptions for 170 patients who had been referring to the emergency department of Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj from May 2013 to May 2014. We selected 14 to 15 patients every month in a period of one year. After examination and writing prescriptions by the general practitioner, the patients were re-examined by an infectious diseases specialist. Finally, general practitioners and infectious diseases specialist's prescriptions data were recorded and compared with each other in regard to age, gender and prescribed drugs. Using spss v.18  software the data were analyzed by descriptive statistics.
Results: Among 170 patients, 52.4% (89) were male and 47.6% (81) were female with an average age of 39.86 ± 15.44 years. According to the results of this study, 11.18% of patients who had received antibiotics prescribed by the general practitioner did not require antibiotics. The exact compatibility and similarity of the prescribed antibiotics by the general practitioner and infectious diseases specialist for a specific patient was 7.8%. The mean numbers of the drugs prescribed by general practitioner and infectious diseases specialist was 2.08 and 2.21, respectively. The most common prescribed antibiotics by the infectious diseases specialist and general practitioner were ciprofloxacin (13.3%) and azithromycin (13.3%). Ciprofloxacin (21.3%) and cefixime (12%) were the most common antibiotics prescribed by the general practitioner.
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed necessity of educational programs for general practitioners about antibiotic prescription.
Keywords: Antibiotic administration, General practitioner, Infectious diseases specialist.
 
Received: Feb 5, 2018     Accepted: May 22, 2018
Keywords: Antibiotic administration, General practitioner, Infectious diseases specialist.
Full-Text [PDF 179 kb]   (52 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/07/31 | Accepted: 2018/07/31 | Published: 2018/07/31
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Volume 23, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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