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:: Volume 21, Number 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2017) ::
SJKU 2017, 21(6): 99-109 Back to browse issues page
The effects of water-based posterolateral hip muscle strengthening on pain intensity and function in females with patellofemoral pain syndrome
Shahabeddin Bagheri 1, Dr Seyed Hossein Hosseini2, Dr Farzaneh Saki2, Dr Mohammad Reza Nikoo3, Atefeh Yarahmadi
1- , bagherishahab@yahoo.com
2- Assistant Professor
3- Associate Professor
Abstract:  

Background and Aim: Patellofemoral pain syndrome is one of  the most common knee disorders in the athletes and women. Despite use of water-based exercise in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders and sport injuries, its impact on the  pain and knee function in the patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome has not  been investigated appreciably. The present study made a comparison between the effects of water-based exercise and conventional land- based exercise in the  female athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Material and Methods: 20 collegiate athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome were included in this study and randomly assigned to two groups: water-based (n = 10) and Land-based (n = 10) groups.

 Land – based protocol was performed in the gym and water-based training was implemented in the pool. Exercises were designed to strengthen the hip abductors and external rotator muscles. We used NRS to assess pain intensity, and Kujala and LEFS scale for the assessment of the knee function in various activities before and after the exercises protocols. We used repeated measures ANOVA for analysis of the effects of the therapeutic interventions.

Results: According to the results of repeated measure ANOVA we found significant differences in NRS (p=0.040) and LEFS (p=0.024) after intervention between the two groups. Statistical analysis showed no significant difference in kujala scores between the two groups (p=0.927).

Conclusion: The results showed that water-based exercise as a therapeutic modality was more effective in reducing the pain and improvement  of the knee function in the patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome, compared to land-based exercise.

Key Words: Water- based exercise, Pain, Function, Knee, Patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Received: Mar 15, 2016      Accepted: Aug 20, 2016

Keywords: Water- based exercise, Pain, Function, Knee, Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Full-Text [PDF 676 kb]      
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/01/19 | Accepted: 2017/01/19 | Published: 2017/01/19
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Volume 21, Number 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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