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:: Volume 20, Number 6 (Scientifis Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2016) ::
SJKU 2016, 20(6): 116-125 Back to browse issues page
Effects of three educational intervention methods on repeated mammography among non-adherent women in Sanandaj
Dr Zahra Rasoli, Dr Fariba Farhadifar 1, Dr Parvaneh Taymoori2, Dr Shoaleh Shahgheibi2, Dr Fariba Seye doshohadaei2, Siroos Shahsavari3
1- Associate Professor , iba.farhadifar@muk.ac.ir
2- Associate Professor
3- Instructor
Abstract:  

Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three tailored interventions for repeated mammography among non-adherent women using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical framework.

Material and Methods: In this randomized trial, 360 women (&ge;50 years) from Sanandaj, were randomly divided into 4 groups. Intervention groups were pamphlet group, face to face counseling group, telephone counseling group and the 4th group was control group. All groups were compared with one another before the intervention, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after the intervention. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software. The statistically significant level was considered as p<0.05.

Results: Demographic characteristics (age, education, and income) were not significantly different before the intervention (p> 0.05). In terms of perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to mammography, mean scores of intervention groups had statistically significant differences six months after the intervention (p<0.01). The highest rate of repeated mammography (50%) was observed in the face to face counseling group. 

Conclusion: This study provided empirical support for the Health Belief Model as a framework to conduct repeated mammography. In addition, face to face counseling was the most effective way.

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Mammography Repeat, Intervention 

 

Received: Feb 04, 2014      Accepted: Apr 25, 2015

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Mammography Repeat, Intervention
Full-Text [PDF 180 kb]      
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/9 | Accepted: 2016/02/9 | Published: 2016/02/9
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Volume 20, Number 6 (Scientifis Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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