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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2008) ::
SJKU 2008, 12(4): 32-39 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of sputum induction and bronchoalveolar lavage methods in diagnosis of pulmonary TB in patients with negative smear or without spontaneous sputum
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  ABSTRACT

  Background and Aim: Sputum smear is recommended for microbiological confirmation of diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. It has been reported that sputum induction is a safe and non-invasive method for confirmation of microbiological diagnosis of tuberculosis in smear negative patients. This study deals with the comparison of the value of sputum induction with that of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in the diagnosis of TB.

  Material and Methods: 56 patients suspectedto have tuberculosis were admitted in the infectious ward of Tohid Hospital and entered into this study. Sputum induction and BAL were performed for two consecutive days according to a standard procedure. Smears obtained from induced sputum andBAL contents were stained for acid fast bacilli. Exclusion criteria were severe asthma or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pregnancy.

  Results: Of 56 tuberculosis suspects with negative or absent sputum production, sputum induction led to positives smears in 8 (14.3%) patients (5 previously smear-negative, 3 unproductive) and BAL had positive results in 7 (12.5%) patients which revealed a significant difference (p=0.000).

  Conclusion: Sputum induction is safer, easier to accomplish and more sensitive than BAL technique for diagnosis of pulmonary TB. Our study suggests that sputum induction with aerosolized hypertonic saline is a useful technique for better detection of cases of tuberculosis in patients with negative smears or non-productive cough.

Keywords: Key words: Tuberculosis; Pulmonary Tuberculosis; Sputum induction; Diagnosis
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/04/13
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Comparison of sputum induction and bronchoalveolar lavage methods in diagnosis of pulmonary TB in patients with negative smear or without spontaneous sputum. SJKU. 2008; 12 (4) :32-39
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-83-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 4 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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