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:: Volume 24, Issue 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2020) ::
SJKU 2020, 24(6): 93-105 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the microbiological quality of wastewater effluent-irrigated maize
Marzieh Farhadkhani1 , Mahnaz Nikaeen 2, Ghasem Yadegarfar3 , Fazel Mohammadi-Moghadam4
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
2- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , nikaeen@hlth.mui.ac.ir
3- Department of Statistics & Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
4- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (272 Views)
Background and Aim: Water crisis in many regions of the world especially arid and semi-arid areas such as Iran, is an important obstacle for socioeconomic development and food security. Under such circumstances, wastewater reuse in agriculture can be regarded an important alternative water source. However, treated wastewater may contain some types of pathogenic microorganisms which can threaten human health. In the present study we compared the impacts of treated wastewater (TWW) and tap water irrigation on microbiological quality of soil and crops (maize and maize leaves) through a furrow irrigation system in an experimental field.
Materials and Methods: Total and fecal coliforms and Escherichia coli were monitored as indicator bacteria in TWW, irrigated soil and harvested maize and maize leaves. We investigated the presence of Salmonella and Shigella by using a combination of culture and molecular methods. Statistical analyses were performed by SPSS 22.0 software. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. The Mann-Whitney test was used to evaluate the difference of microbial parameters in the plots irrigated with the two types of water.
Results: The microbiological quality of wastewater in terms of mean concentration of E. coli (3.5 Log MPN/100 ml) was compatible with that recommended by the world health organization (WHO) for irrigation of fast-growing crops (≤ 105 E. coli per 100 ml). Although, the microbiological quality of soil was affected by TWW irrigation (p < 0.05), a relatively low concentration of E. coli was detected in soil. Harvested maize had no microbial contamination with E. coli. However, one sample of wastewater-irrigated maize leaves was contaminated with E. coli. The TWW, soil and crop samples were not positive for pathogenic bacteria.
Conclusion:According to the results, TWW could be used as an alternative source for irrigation of maize.
Keywords: Secondary effluent, Irrigation, Escherichia coli, Pathogenic bacteria, Maize, Maize leaves.
Full-Text [PDF 322 kb]   (93 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2018/11/26 | Accepted: 2020/02/5
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farhadkhani M, nikaeen M, yadegarfar G, Mohammadi-Moghadam F. Evaluation of the microbiological quality of wastewater effluent-irrigated maize. SJKU. 2020; 24 (6) :93-105
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-4561-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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