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:: Volume 23, Issue 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2019) ::
SJKU 2019, 23(6): 101-114 Back to browse issues page
Social determinant of economic burden of Autism in Iran
Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad 1, Abolghasem Pour-reza2 , Neda Akbarpour3
1- Department of health management and economics, School of public health, Health information management research center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , neda.akbarpour88@gmail.com
2- Department of health management and economics, School of public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- School of public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (643 Views)

Background and Aim: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) do not cause premature death and has no definitive treatment. Thus, the life time cost of ASD is very high. Identification of the factors contributing to the cost of this disorder has a key role in its cost management. The purpose of this study was to investigate social factors affecting ASD costs.
Material and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran, Iran, in 2017, by using a valid and reliable questionnaire. Social and economic factors contributing to ASD’s direct medical costs, direct non-medical costs, indirect costs of ASD were investigated. 290 ASD patients, were entered into the study. Using SPSS software, 21st version, appropriate statistical tests (Spearman and Pearson tests, independent T-test and ANOVA test) were used for data analysis.
Results: The mean total cost for an ASD patient was 223,561,841 Rials (6,883 $US). About 32%, 52% and 16% of the total costs were related to direct medical costs, direct non-medical costs, and indirect costs. ASD costs had statistically significant relationships with the patient age, gender, education, type of school, parents’ job, family income and health insurance.
Conclusion: Autism imposes heavy costs on the patients and their families. Cost of ASD could be affected by social factors such as age, gender, education, health insurance, job and income. Therefore, health policy makers and health care managers must take special measures for prevention and control of this disorder, treatment, cost management and provision of social and economic support

Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Economic burden, Direct costs, Indirect costs
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/9 | Accepted: 2019/03/24 | Published: 2019/03/24
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Mosadeghrad A M, Pour-reza A, Akbarpour N. Social determinant of economic burden of Autism in Iran. SJKU. 2019; 23 (6) :101-114
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-4366-en.html


Volume 23, Issue 6 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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