Background and Aim: The safety of blood and its products depends on the health condition of the donors and in spite of screening tests, the possibility of transmission of AIDS through blood transfusion, during window period of the disease does exist and blood donated for the purpose of HIV check up endanger the safety of blood and its products.
Materials and Methods: This study was a cross sectional study and included all the people who had donated blood in blood transfusion organization during the first 6 months of 2004. The sample size, in accordance with previous studies, included 10000 people. Systematic randomization was regarded as our sampling method. A questionnaire consisting of questions about personal and sociodemographic characteristics of subjects and the purpose of blood donation, filled out by blood doners. The collected data were encoded and analyzed by chi-square tests. P values of less than 0.05 were regarded significant.
Results: This survey encompassed volunteers who had donated blood at Shiraz Blood Transfusion Organization in 2004. The average age of the subjects were 34.6±11.3, 82.4% of them were male and 68.6% were married. The intention of blood donors was to help other people in 56.4%, HIV check up in 14.8%, improvement of their health condition in 15.2%, health check up in 9.6% and curiosity about blood donation in 4% of the cases. Blood donation for HIV check up was more frequent in men, singles, and those who donated blood for the first time, which was significant (p<0.05). Blood donation for HIV check up didn’t correlate with job, education level and age (p>0.05).
Conclusion: In this study 14.8% of the donors donated blood for HIV check up, and blood donated for this purpose can endanger the safety of blood and its products, therefore people should be encouraged to donate blood only to help other humans, and blood donation for HIV check up should be discouraged.
Key word: Donors, HIV test, Blood donation.