:: Volume 20, Issue 6 (Scientifis Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2016) ::
SJKU 2016, 20(6): 116-125 Back to browse issues page
Effects of three educational intervention methods on repeated mammography among non-adherent women in Sanandaj
Zahra Rasoli Dr, Fariba Farhadifar Dr 1, Parvaneh Taymoori Dr, Shoaleh Shahgheibi Dr, Fariba Seye doshohadaei Dr, Siroos Shahsavari
1- , iba.farhadifar@muk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3270 Views)

Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three tailored interventions for repeated mammography among non-adherent women using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical framework.

Material and Methods: In this randomized trial, 360 women (&ge;50 years) from Sanandaj, were randomly divided into 4 groups. Intervention groups were pamphlet group, face to face counseling group, telephone counseling group and the 4th group was control group. All groups were compared with one another before the intervention, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after the intervention. Data were analyzed by using SPSS software. The statistically significant level was considered as p<0.05.

Results: Demographic characteristics (age, education, and income) were not significantly different before the intervention (p> 0.05). In terms of perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to mammography, mean scores of intervention groups had statistically significant differences six months after the intervention (p<0.01). The highest rate of repeated mammography (50%) was observed in the face to face counseling group. 

Conclusion: This study provided empirical support for the Health Belief Model as a framework to conduct repeated mammography. In addition, face to face counseling was the most effective way.

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Mammography Repeat, Intervention 

 

Received: Feb 04, 2014      Accepted: Apr 25, 2015

Keywords: Health Belief Model, Mammography Repeat, Intervention
Full-Text [PDF 180 kb]   (905 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/9 | Accepted: 2016/02/9 | Published: 2016/02/9



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Volume 20, Issue 6 (Scientifis Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2016) Back to browse issues page