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:: Volume 14, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2009) ::
SJKU 2009, 14(3): 20-24 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of the incidence rate of menstrual disorders in 17 and 18 year old high school female students in Sanandaj city in 2005
Shoaleh Shahghaibi Dr1, Nazila Darvishi Dr 2, Vahid Yousefinejad Dr, Niloofar Moghbel Dr, Siroos Shahsavari 3
1- Assistant Professor
2- , naziladarvishy@yahoo.com
3- Instructor
Abstract:  
ABSTRACT Background and Aim: Menstrual disorders cause a lot of problems for the women. Sometimes diagnosis and treatment of these problems seems very sophisticated. Early diagnosis and treatment of menstrual disorders together with its clinical complications, recognition of their underlying causes and their relation with one another, are essential for treatment of these disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of menstrual disorders and some of its potential causes in 17 and 18 year old high school female students in Sanandaj in 2005. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive-analytic cross sectional study and included 511 high school female students at the age of 17 and 18 years. After obtaining primary information, in case of any menstrual disorder, the subjects were referred to a gynecologist for confirmation of the diagnosis. After confirmation of diagnosis sonographic and hormonal studies were performed. Using SPSS software, the data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and x2 test. Results: The incidence of menstrual disorders in the study population was 43.25%. Hypermenorrhea was the most and hypomenorrhea was the least common disorders (13.9% and 3.13% respectively). Polymenorrhea was detected in 13.31% of the cases. The incidence rates of dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and spotting were 78.1%, 72.4% and 8.2% respectively. Menstrual disorders and its symptoms showed no significant relationship with presence of any evidence of PCO in sonoghraphy (P>0.05). Conclusion: High incidence of menstrual disorders in high school students should be taken into consideration and necessary instructions should be given to these students to decrease their stress. In case of persistence of the menstrual disorder, hormonal and sonographic examinations should be performed to detect the underlying cause of menstrual disorder. Key words: Female, Students, Menstrual disorders, Incidence Conflict of Interest: Nill Received: May 17, 2009 Accepted: November 30, 2009
Keywords: Female, Students, Menstrual disorders, Incidence
Full-Text [PDF 443 kb]      
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/01/11
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Volume 14, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2009) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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