:: Volume 20, Issue 5 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2015) ::
SJKU 2015, 20(5): 30-40 Back to browse issues page
Effect of three methods of combined training (strength and endurance) on serum adiponectin levels and insulin resistance in overweight elderly women
Ebrahim Banitalebi Dr 1, Ali Hoseinzadeh, Zahra Mardanpour-Shahrekordi, Sadegh Amani-shalamzari Dr
1- , Banitalebi@lit.sku.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4001 Views)

Background and Aim: The main purpose of this study was to compare the effect of three methods of combined training (strength and endurance) on serum adiponectin levels and insulin resistance in overweight elderly women.

Material and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 40 elderly women (mean agepf 60.34±0.82 years, mean height: 155±0.01 cm, and mean weight: 71.72±1.89 kg) were enrolled using purposeful method and then randomly assigned to four groups: strength + endurance (n=10), endurance + strength (n=9), circulation combined (n=12), and control (n=9) groups. Serum adiponectin levels and insulin resistance index were measured before, and 48 hours after the last training session. Training programs were implemented three days a week for eight weeks. Paired t - test was used for evaluation of differences within each group and one-way ANOVA to compare the groups with one another.

Results: After eight weeks of combined training, all three experimental groups showed significant reduction in weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, and glucose (P&le0.05). Significant differences were found in weight (p=0.017) and BMI (p=0.023) between the 4 groups, but no significant differences were found in adiponectin and insulin resistance (p>0.05). 

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, despite positive changes in body composition and body fat percentage, none of the three methods of combined training caused a significant change in serum adiponectin levels and insulin resistance in the overweight elderly women.

Keywords: Combined training, Adiponectin, Insulin resistance, Aging.

Received: Apr 28, 2015      Accepted: Sep 21, 2015

Keywords: Combined training, Adiponectin, Insulin resistance, Aging
Full-Text [PDF 305 kb]   (3245 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/11/27 | Accepted: 2015/11/27 | Published: 2015/11/27



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Volume 20, Issue 5 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2015) Back to browse issues page