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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2015) ::
SJKU 2015, 20(2): 85-105 Back to browse issues page
Screening tests for neuromuscular defects affecting non-contact ACL injury- A review article
Himan Mohammadi * 1, Hasan Daneshmandi Dr2, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh Dr3, Ali Shamsimajlan Dr4
1- University of Tehran , hemn.m.64@gmail.com
2- Associate Professor University of Guilan
3- Associate Professor University of Tehran
4- Assistant Professor University of Guilan
Abstract:   (2946 Views)
Background and Aim: In addition to high cost of treatment, anterior cruciate ligament tear leads to lesser participation in sports, secondary injury and mental problems. Therefore, prevention of ACL injury in athletes is a top priority in many studies. The aim of this study was to conduct a review over screening tests for neuromuscular imbalance causing non-contact ACL injuries. Material and Methods: Scientific citations search engines such as PubMed, Medline, and ScienceDirect were looked for relevant articles using the following keywords: "Screening Test", "Neuromuscular Imbalance" and "Non-Contact ACL Injury" during the previous two decades. Results: Hop tests have high reliability and there is a statistically significant correlation between lower extremity symmetry index of this test and isokinetic knee extensor strength. Static and dynamic balance tests have high reliability and validity and their results have correlation with ACL injury. Both double-leg squat test and single leg squat test are used to assess poor neuromuscular control of the trunk, dynamic flexibility, strength of hip, and balance. Modified Landing Error Scoring System Tests are used to identify movement patterns that increase the risk of non-contact ACL injury. In order to identify the most common neuromuscular imbalance related to ACL injuries, we used tuck jump test. Video drop-jump screening test was used to assess valgus alignment in knee. Conclusion: Familiarity with reliable and valid screening tests related to non- contact ACL injuries will be of benefit to researchers specialized in ACL for prevention of injuries. They will be able to select appropriate tests to identify neuromuscular imbalance in people at risk of ACL injury. Therefore, researchers can provide more specific corrective exercise programs. Keywords: Screening Test, Neuromuscular Defects, Non-Contact ACL Injury Received: Sep 7, 2014 Accepted: Feb 1, 2015
Keywords: Screening Test, Neuromuscular Defects, Non-Contact ACL Injury
Full-Text [PDF 5591 kb]   (1570 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/04/27 | Accepted: 2015/04/27 | Published: 2015/04/27
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Volume 20, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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