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:: Volume 20, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2015) ::
SJKU 2015, 20(2): 8-14 Back to browse issues page
Effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Cinnamomum on morphine-induced withdrawal symptoms in rats
Sara Haydari 1, Kambiz Hassanzadeh Dr2, Mohammad Raman Moloudi Dr2, Esmael Izadpanah Dr 3
1- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
2- Assistant Professor Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
3- Assistant Professor Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences , eizadpanah2000@yahoo.com
Abstract:  
Background and Aim: The exact mechanisms of morphine dependence and withdrawal syndrome remain unclear. Many studies have been performed to find agents with minimal dependency side effects for prevention of withdrawal symptoms. Cinnamomum is a herbal medicine that has been used for respiratory disorders, digestive problems, arthritis, dysmenorrhea, and sore throat. Cinnamomum has been used as an alternative traditional treatment for sedative agents in China and India. This study aimed at investigating the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of cinnamomum on morphine withdrawal symptoms in the male rats. Material and Methods: Adult mal Wistar rats weighting 225 -275 g were randomly selected and divided into 5 groups (8 rats per group). In order to induce dependency, additive doses of morphine were injected subcutaneously for 13 days. On the day 13, 30 minutes after the last dose of morphine, control group received saline ip (1 ml/kg: control) and 3 treatment groups received hydroalcoholic extracts of Cinnamomum (50, 100, 200 mg/kg respectively) intraperitoneally. Thirty minutes later,all groups received naloxone injection (4 mg/kg, ip) and withdrawal symptoms including: jumping, rearing, genital grooming, abdominal writhing, and wet dog shake were recorded for 60 minutes. Results: Our results showed that hydroalcoholic extract of Cinnamomum at doses of 50, 100and 200 mg/kg decreased genital grooming. In addition,all doses of the extract of Cinnamomum decreased the total withdrawal scores signficantly. Conclusion: Hydroalcoholic extract of Cinnamomum was effective in reducing the symptoms of morphine withdrawal. Keywords: Hydroalcoholic Extract of Cinnamomum, Morphine, Withdrawal symptoms. Received: Oct 26, 2014 Accepted: Jan 20, 2015
Keywords: Hydroalcoholic Extract of Cinnamomum, Morphine, Withdrawal symptoms.
Full-Text [PDF 996 kb]      
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/04/27 | Accepted: 2015/04/27 | Published: 2015/04/27
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Volume 20, Issue 2 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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