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:: Volume 19, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2014) ::
SJKU 2014, 19(1): 1-11 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of early maladaptive schemas of individuals attempting suicide by self-poisoning
Marjan HelmiKhamirani Dr1, Narges Shams Alizadeh Dr2, Farzin Rezaei Dr 3
1- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
2- Assistant Professor Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
3- Associate Professor Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences , frrezaie@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (9827 Views)
Background and Aim: According to Beck's cognitive model, the experiences of the people result in development of assumptions or schemas about the self and the world. These assumptions contribute to the organization of perception and control and appraisal of behavior. Some of these assumptions are rigid and resistant to change and therefore are dysfunctional. The purpose of this study was to determine the schemas of individuals attempting suicide by self-poisoning according to Beck's cognitive model and determine their relationship to suicide. Material and Methods: This was a case–control study. Our case group (n=204) included the patients admitted to Tohid Hospital due to suicide attempt. Control group consisted of healthy individuals (n=204) who had been matched with case groups. The participants completed Young Schema Questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory.Collected data were analyzed by means of logistic regression model and correlation test. Results: Results showed that enmeshment/undeveloped self-unrelenting standards/ hypercritical schemas can be risk factors for suicide attempts. Depression had correlation with emotional deprivation, abandonment/instability, social isolation/alienation, and self-sacrifice schemas. In non-depressed participants, undeveloped self and emotional deprivation schemas were associated with suicide attempt. Conclusion: In general, undeveloped self-schema might contribute to suicidal behavior independently. Emotional deprivation both directly and indirectly (by inducing depression) could precipitate suicidal behavior. Received: Apr 16, 2013 Accepted: Dec 8, 2013 Conflict of interest: None declared
Keywords: Early maladaptive schema, Suicide, Depression, Young questionnaire.
Full-Text [PDF 241 kb]   (1797 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2014/03/16 | Accepted: 2014/03/16 | Published: 2014/03/16
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Volume 19, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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