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:: Volume 18, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2013) ::
SJKU 2013, 18(3): 112-123 Back to browse issues page
Neuromuscular and biomechanical risk factors associated with ACL Injury in female athletes
Farzaneh Saki 1, Hasan Daneshmandi Dr2, Reza Rajabi Dr3, Shadan Mohammadpour 4
1- University of Tehran , F_saki@ut.ac.ir
2- Associate Professor University of Gulian
3- Professorr University of Tehran
4- University of Tehran
Abstract:   (8205 Views)
ABSTRACT Although intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury have been investigated extensively, the neuromuscular and the biomechanical risk factors associated with this injury in female athletes are not yet well understood. This systematic review summarizes all the relevant biomechanical and neuromuscular risk factors associated with ACL injury. We used electronic databases of PubMed MEDLINE (1966– 2012), SCIENSEDIRECT (1982 – 2012) and SportDiscus (1985– 2012) for literature searching to identify the studies on ACL injury risk factors. We found a total of 152 articles. 52 of these studies had focused on neuromuscular and biomechanical risk factors. Investigation of the articles showed four neuromuscular imbalances: ligament dominance, quadriceps dominance, leg dominance, and trunk dominance. Existing evidence suggests that these four neuromuscular imbalances may be associated with the underlying ACL injury mechanisms. Also, review of the studies indicated that ACL injuries are more likely to occur during multi-planar rather than single-planar mechanisms of injury. Screening and detection of these imbalances are important in order to identify athletes at risk of ACL injury. Identification of faulty movement patterns would allow for implementation of specific interventions, targeted at prevention of these problems. Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), Knee injury, Risk factor Received: Sep 8, 2012 Accepted: Jan 7, 2013 Conflict of interest: None declared
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), Knee injury, Risk factor
Full-Text [PDF 236 kb]   (2404 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2013/10/4 | Accepted: 2013/10/4 | Published: 2013/10/4
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Volume 18, Issue 3 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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