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:: Volume 12, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2007) ::
SJKU 2007, 12(1): 26-31 Back to browse issues page
Effect of calcium and vitamin D intake on maternal and neonatal anthropometric parameters
Hadis Saboor Dr, Arash Hoseinnejad Dr, Jhila Maghbooli , Bagher Larijani Dr 1
1- Professor , emrc@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (12925 Views)
Background and Aim: Vitamin D is essential for the health of pregnant women and their newborns. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the outcome of pregnancy and maternal calcium and vitamin D intake. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 449 healthy pregnant women at the time of delivery and also their newborns after delivery. Maternal and neonatal anthropometric data were collected and Calcium and Vitamin D intake was determined. The mean values for vitamin D and calcium intake in mothers were 2.26±1.87 µg/d and 816.284±370.47 mg/d respectively. Results: Our findings showed that, the mean Apgar score and height of the newborns whose mothers had adequate calcium and vitamin D intake were higher than those of infants of mothers with inadequate intake (p=0.04, p=0.03 respectively). Conclusions: Our study showed a significant correlation between adequate maternal calcium and vitamin D intake and appropriate neonatal birth weight, height and one-minute Apgar score. We found that mothers with adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D had greater weight gain. Therefore proper nutritional plans for pregnant women are necessary. Consumption of foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, in particular dairy products, fortification of foods and addition of supplements to diet regimen of the population at risk of developing such nutritional deficiencies should be taken into consideration.
Keywords: Pregnancy Outcomes, Calcium, Vitamin D, Nutrition.
Full-Text [PDF 116 kb]   (1472 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/05/5
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Volume 12, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2007) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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