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:: Volume 25, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2020) ::
SJKU 2020, 25(1): 12-22 Back to browse issues page
Repellency Effects and Chemical Components of Essential Oils Foeniculum Vulgare and Cinnamomum Verum against Aedes Vexans in Iran
Mehdi Khoobdel1 , Mohammad Moradi2 , Hossein Sobati1 , Hemn Yousefi2 , Omid Dehghan2 , Mohammad Reza Abai 3
1- Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , abaimr@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (694 Views)
Background and Aim: The presence of different climatic conditions in Iran has resulted in the high richness of medicinal plants. The occurrence of adverse side effects was reported following use of the chemical-based repellents which extensively used for personal protection against nuisance mosquitoes. All the efforts are made for exploring new repellents originated from medicinal plants and could be protected safe and whole night against biting arthropods. This will be an effective action for preventing of risk of arthropod-borne diseases.
Materials and Methods: The fennel seeds and cinnamon bark were chosen due to antibacterial, antioxidant and insecticidal properties. The essential oils were obtained using hydro-distillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus. The chemical components of essential oils were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A well-colonized Aedes vexans in insectary was used for repellency assays on the animal model (the white rabbit).
Results: Eighteen and 15 components were identified in the essential oils of fennel and cinnamon and Cadina-1,4-diene and b-Oplopenone were respectively as the main components. The protection time of 50% essential oils was assessed against lab-bred Aedes vexans, and protection time were estimated 3 and 3.5 h for F. vulgare and 1 and 1.5 h for C. verum,. According to a dose-response analysis, the median effective dosage (ED50) of essential oils was 13.7 and 84.2 μl/cm2 for F. vulgare and C. verum.
Conclusion: The essential oil of F. vulgare could provide acceptable protection against dengue fever vectors on the animal subject. It is recommended to be continued the investigation on human volunteers against other medically important arthropods.
 
Keywords: Foeniculum vulgare, Cinnamomum verum, Essential oil, Repellency, Aedes vexans
Full-Text [PDF 585 kb]   (274 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2019/08/2 | Accepted: 2019/10/2 | Published: 2020/03/29
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Khoobdel M, Moradi M, Sobati H, Yousefi H, Dehghan O, Abai M R. Repellency Effects and Chemical Components of Essential Oils Foeniculum Vulgare and Cinnamomum Verum against Aedes Vexans in Iran. SJKU. 2020; 25 (1) :12-22
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-5238-en.html


Volume 25, Issue 1 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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