[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 10, Number 4 (scientific journal of kurdistan university of medical sicences 2006) ::
SJKU 2006, 10(4): 26-32 Back to browse issues page
Study of prevalence of neonatal Septicaemia and detection of antibiotic resistance in Besat Hospital in Sanandaj in 1383
dr K Rashidi1, N Bahmani 2, dr N Ghotbi1, S Shahsavari3
1- Assistant Professor
2- Instructor , nasrbah@yahoo.com
3- Instructor
Abstract:  

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim:

which occurrs as a result of bacterial infection. The major criterion for its diagnosis is

based on body fluid cultures specially blood culture. The aim of this study is to

determine the prevalence of septicemia and also detection of isolated bacterial

sensitivity to selected antibiotics in neonatal ward of Besat Hospital.

Septicemia is one of the most important neonatal diseases

Materials and Methods:

hospitalized neonates. A questionnaire including clinical manifestations of septicemia

such as fever, hyporeflexia, hypothermia, cyanosis, abdominal distention, loss of

appetite and jaundice was filled out for every neonate clinically suspected of having

septicemia. At last the collected data were analyzed by means of SPSS software and

descriptive statistics.

This study is descriptive. Blood cultures were ordered for all

Results:

suspected of having septicemia but %30 of them had positive blood cultures. The

most common species isolated was coagulase negative staphylococci. As to sign and

symptoms hyporeflexia, juandice, and anorexia were detected most frequently.

Sensitivity of gram negative bacteria to ciprofloxacin was %100 & to cefotaxime

%66.7. Sensitivity of gram positive bacteria to cephalotin was %43, while gram

negative bacteria had highest resistance rate to ampicilin & cephalotine in %100 and

gram positive bacteria to oxacilin in %68.6 & cotrimoxasol in %62.9 of the cases. In

this study prevalence of septicemia in those having positive blood cultures was 30%

with a mortality rate of 4.9%.

This study included 700 specimen of blood cultures, %17.6 of the cases were

Conclusion:

diagnosis of septicemia and blood cultures should be considered necessary in

suspected cases. Considering high resistance rate of isolated bacteria to ampicilin &

cephalotin, culture and antibiogram can be of great value to select suitable antibiotic

This research shows that clinical manifestation is not enough for the.

Ciprofloxacin can be regarded as the drug of choice for gram negative bacteria. To

reduce prevalence and mortality rates of septicemia, proper planning to confront

microorganisms & nosocomial infections is necessary. Also appropriate and timely

prescription of antibiotics by pediatricians can prevent bacterial resistance to

antibiotics.

Keywords: Neonatal septicemia, Antibiotic resistant
Full-Text [PDF 132 kb]      
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/11/9
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Volume 10, Number 4 (scientific journal of kurdistan university of medical sicences 2006) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 780 queries by yektaweb 3465