:: Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences- NO 4, 2024 -Articles In press ::
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Investigating The Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on The Severity of Restless Legs Syndrome in Hemodialysis Patients
Abolfazl Kalmishi1 , Ali Abedi2 , Katayoun Samadi1 , HamidReza Shoraka3 , Mostafa Rad 4
1- Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences
2- Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery College, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
3- Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, School of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
4- Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences , mostafarad633@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (891 Views)
Background and Aim: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is one of the most common complications of hemodialysis patients. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) may have an effect on RLS by reducing pain, increasing blood supply and oxygen supply. The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of electrical nerve stimulation through the skin on the severity of restless leg syndrome in hemodialysis patients.
Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on 60 patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment in the dialysis department of Vasei Sabzevar and Imam Khomeini Esfrain Hospitals, from December of 2022 to March 2023. The participants were randomly selected in two intervention (30 people) and control groups (30 people). TENS was used with a frequency of 100 Hz in the intervention group and 20 Hz in the control group. The severity of RLS was measured before and after intervention using the RLS questionnaire in two groups. Data analysis was done using SPSS 22 and statistical tests (independent t, paired t test, and chi square).
Results: after the intervention the severity of RLS in the intervention and control groups was 13.93±2.56 and 17.63±3.30, respectively, and independent t-test showed a significant difference (p=0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the use of TENS is effective on relieve of RLS in hemodialysis patients, so it can be used as a complementary method in the treatment of hemodialysis patients.
Keywords: Restless Legs Syndrome, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, Hemodialysis
Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2023/05/14 | Accepted: 2023/09/18

Ethics code: IR.MEDSAB.REC.1401.013
Clinical trials code: IRCT20220601055047N1

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