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:: Volume 26, Issue 7 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2022) ::
SJKU 2022, 26(7): 45-52 Back to browse issues page
Etiology of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in the Children Admitted to Besat Hospital in Sanandaj
Pedram Ataee1 , Mahtab Kakaie2 , Borhan Moradveisi3 , Rasoul Nasiri4 , Masoumeh Abedini5 , Daem Roshani6 , Armen Malekiantaghi7 , Kambiz Eftekhari 8
1- Assistant professor, Department of Pediatric, Liver and Digestive Research center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
2- General Practitioner, Department of Pediatric, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Assistant professor, Department of pediatric, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4- Assistant professor, Department of Pediatric, Lung Disease and Allergy Research centre, Cellular and Molecular Research center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- Assistant professor, Pediatric department, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
6- Associate professor, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
7- Assistant professor, Department of Pediatric, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
8- 8. Associate professor, Department of Pediatric, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , dr_k_eftekhary@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1643 Views)
Background and Aim: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is defined as bleeding occuring from a site proximal to the ligament of Trietz, which can present as hematemesis, melena, and hematochezia. Epidemiological studies on pediatric upper gastrointestinal bleeding were limited and its accurate incidence is not clear. This study deals with epidemiological investigation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in hospitalized children.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional-descriptive retrospective study. Medical records of the children under 14 years of age who had been hospitalized in Besat Hospital in Sanandaj for upper gastrointestinal bleeding over the past seven years (2011-2017) were reviewed. Demographic data and endoscopic results obtained from the medical records were recorded in the questionnaires. Using SPSS 20 software, statistical analysis was performed.
Results: Our study included 121 medical records. 64.5% of the patients were male. The mean age of the children was 5.66 years and the duration of hospitalization was 3.13 days. Among the patients, 77% were urban dwellers, 95% presented with hematemesis. 8.3% were treated with mechanical ventilation, and 5.8% had coagulation disorders. Endoscopic results showed that 45.5% of the children had prolapse gastropathy and 15.7% had Mallory Weiss syndrome.
Conclusion: According to our results, the most common manifestation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children was hematemesis and the most common cause of it was prolapse gastropathy.
Keywords: Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Children, Epidemiology, Prolapse gastropathy, Mallory Weiss
Full-Text [PDF 1018 kb]   (520 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Medicine - Pediatric
Received: 2020/05/2 | Accepted: 2021/02/22 | Published: 2022/03/7
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Ataee P, Kakaie M, Moradveisi B, Nasiri R, Abedini M, Roshani D, et al . Etiology of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in the Children Admitted to Besat Hospital in Sanandaj. SJKU 2022; 26 (7) :45-52
URL: http://sjku.muk.ac.ir/article-1-5993-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 26, Issue 7 (Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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